Know Your Thyroid Blood Test Results Meaning

Definition and Symptoms of Hypothyroidism
Underactive thyroid disease, or hypothyroidism, is an autoimmune disorder that usually presents in women who are middle-aged and older but it is becoming more common at younger ages. The thyroid begins to slow down as we age; sometimes this is associated with adrenal gland failure.

Thyroid Blood Test

Symptoms you may notice at first are:
路General fatigue
路Weight gain
路Decreased heart rate
路Hair loss
路Memory impairment

A more comprehensive list is available from the聽Mayo Clinic.

Causes and Risk Factors for Hypothyroidism

路Although hypothyroidism is not an inherited disease, at least as far as science has been able to ascertain, you’re more likely to have it if a close relative has a thyroid disorder
路If you live with a person who has a thyroid disorder, even if you are not聽genetically related, you are more likely to develop a thyroid disorder.
路If you have another autoimmune disease, you’re more likely to develop a thyroid disorder.
路If you’ve received neck or upper chest radiation treatments, your chances increase.
路If you’re more than 60 years old, you’re more likely to develop thyroid issues.
路If you gave birth within the last six months, your risk increases.
路If you received radioactive iodine treatments, you’re at an increased risk.

Complications of Untreated Hypothyroidism

Although underactive thyroid is sometimes dismissed as a minor ailment, it can be life-threatening; if not properly treated, you can die from it. Additional聽side effects聽of untreated hypothyroidism include:
路Birth defects
路Depression
路Goiter
路Heart Disease
路Infertility

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Treatment for Hypothyroidism
The first step in the treatment of hypothyroidism is a fasting blood test. This means that you will eat or drink nothing for twelve hours before the test. A few sips of water are allowed if you require daily medication. You can have black coffee or tea but need to inform the phlebotomist if you do.

 
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