The Most Important Medical Tests for Women
Another important way to guard your health is to talk to your doctor about getting screening tests to detect problems in the early stages, so they don’t lead to more serious medical issues. Women should talk to their doctors about getting the most important medical tests at the appropriate ages to ensure that they remain healthy and active long into their later years.
1 – Pap Test for Cervical Cancer Screening
The Pap test is the standard test to detect cervical cancer screening in women. It tests for the presence of cancerous cells at the mouth of the womb, as well as for abnormal cells that may become cancerous in the future. The physician, usually a gynecologist, will scrape off a small sample of cells from the cervix. These are then sent to a laboratory for analysis.
2 – Mammogram for Breast Cancer Screening
A mammogram is a special type of x-ray that can detect abnormalities in breast tissue that could be cancerous. It provides a picture of the tissue inside the breast. When abnormalities appear, the physician will order additional tests. Getting a mammogram is a simple test that only takes a few minutes, but it can save women’s lives.
3 – Fecal-Occult Tests for Colorectal Cancer Screening
A fecal-occult blood test detects hidden blood in a sample of feces to detect the possibility of cancer in the intestinal system. The test is very simple and painless. Individuals place a small amount of feces on a card that can be tested by color coding or sent to a laboratory for analysis.
4 – Blood Pressure Test
Blood pressure is the measurement of the strength of the flow of blood through the blood vessels in your body. The instrument used to measure blood pressure is called a sphygnomanometer. It is a critical test is preventing strokes that can occur due to high blood pressure. The test is easy and painless.
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