Possible Conditions That Cause Breast Pain in Women
Breasts usually develop during puberty as a result of increased levels of estrogen. Breast pain can be as a result of breast tissue alterations caused by a variety of hormones during the menstrual cycle. Although most women rarely feel pain in their breasts, Mastalgia (breast pain) is not an uncommon condition.
Mastalgia usually varies in intensity, ranging from mild tingling to sharp pains. California Pacific Medical Center revealed that breast pains affect between 50 and 70 percent of women, categorized as:
Cyclical pain: This is pain associated with menstrual cycles, subsiding either during or after a woman’s period.
Non-cyclical pain: Causes include breast injuries. At times, this pain comes from surrounding tissues or muscles and not from the breast itself. Apart from harder to ascertain causes, noncyclical pain is less common compared to cyclical pain.
A variety of factors can cause breast pains. Hormone fluctuations affected by emotional stress and lumpy breasts as a result of fibrocystic breast tissue can all cause these pains. Regardless of where you are in your menstrual cycle, emotional stress might affect your hormones.
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Hormones are not the primary cause of breast pain, particularly since one breast usually hurts more compared to the other. The discomfort might also be due to the interaction of your hormones with other variables. Apart from progesterone and estrogen, abnormal levels of prolactin also lead to breast pain.
To find out if your pain associates with your menstrual cycle, keep a period log and note the times you experience pain during the month. You might notice a pattern after a cycle or two. Possible causes of breast pain include:
Pregnancy: The increased tenderness to a woman’s breasts, a common sign of gestation, often causes breast pain.
PMS (Premenstrual Syndrome): Although the cause of PMS remains unknown, symptoms usually start between five and 11 days prior to menstruation and subside once a woman begins menstruating.
Menopause: A natural biological process indicating when menstruation and fertility come to a permanent end.
Breast cancer: In women, this is the most common form of cancer after skin cancer. It can also affect several different breast parts.
Fibrocystic breast disease: This benign condition entails painful and sore lumps in a woman’s breasts as a result of fibrocystic breast tissue. It is usually referred to as fibrocystic change or fibrocystic breasts.